Wildlife in Tanzania

It is unusual to meet anyone who has been on safari to Tanzania and not explored the northern region. Dominated by the annual wildebeest (and zebra) migration, visitors are blown away by the prolific herds of plains game that also include large numbers of topi, eland and gazelles. Predators are abundant here too with lion and cheetah dominating the sightings, although leopard sightings are also reliable and wild dogs are making a strong comeback. The critically endangered East African black rhino of Ngorongoro and Mkomazi, giant elephant tuskers of Tarangire and abundant flamingos seasonally visiting Lake Manyara round off a wildlife smorgasbord second to none.

The Black rhino is critically endangered

Although it has suffered badly at the hands of poachers in recent years, the southern region of Tanzania is still renowned for its large numbers of elephants and huge herds of buffalo. These mega-herbivores, along with the full suite of plains game, support healthy predator populations with Selous being famous for its wild dogs and Ruaha for its carnivores like lions. In the west of this region, abutting Lake Tanganyika, are the primate strongholds of Mahale Mountains and Gombe Stream national parks with habituated chimpanzees being the prime wildlife attraction here.

The habituated chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains are a special sight to behold

With the exception of endemic Zanzibar red colobus monkey, Aders’ duiker, Sykes blue monkey and the diminutive suni antelope, the islands off the east coast of Tanzania are all about marine wildlife. Dynamite fishing has done some damage here, but dolphins are still frequently seen on diving and snorkelling trips off the coast of Zanzibar and Mnemba, while harmless whale sharks frequent the warm waters around Mafia Island.

Pemba is a wonderful Tanzanian getaway


Popular Tanzania Safaris

These popular itineraries can be customised to match your budget and travel dates

 | Nature, Romance and Exclusivity - A Complete African Honeymoon (14 days)

Nature, Romance and Exclusivity - A Complete African Honeymoon (14 days)

This exclusive African honeymoon through East and Southern Africa is the perfect way to celebrate the start of your new journey together...

 | Wildebeest Migration, Ngorongoro & Zanzibar Journey (12 days)

Wildebeest Migration, Ngorongoro & Zanzibar Journey (12 days)

This blockbuster Tanzania safari will show you the best of the country's outstanding wildlife and the beach paradise of Zanzibar...

Game viewing | Green Season Wildebeest Migration Safari (11 days)

Green Season Wildebeest Migration Safari (11 days)

This four-in-one calving season safari includes not only the Serengeti, but Tarangire, Lake Manyara and the Ngorogoro Crater...

 | July Wildebeest Migration Safari with HerdTracker (10 days)

July Wildbeest Migration Safari with HerdTracker (10 days)

Experience the drama of the nature's greatest spectacle in the Serengeti National Park...

Landscape | Machame Route Up Kilimanjaro (7 days)

Machame Route Up Kilimanjaro (7 days)

For the average climber, Machame is probably the most reliable route to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro and the roof of Africa...

 | World Cup of Wildlife Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

World Cup of Wildlife Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

This is the stage on which the greatest wildlife show on earth and plays out, as it is by far the greatest mass movement of land mammals on the entire globe....

 | February Calving Season Safari in Tanzania (9 days)

February Calving Season Safari in Tanzania (9 days)

Visit Tanzania during the calving season to see wildebeest calves join the massive herds making their way through the Serengeti for the great migration....

Pel's Fishing Owl in flight | Secret Selous Game Reserve Sojourn (6 days)

Secret Selous Game Reserve Sojourn (6 days)

Explore the Selous Game Reserve and Stiegler's Gorge by 4x4, boat or walking safari, looking for Pel's fishing owl, wild dog, rhino and elephant...

 | Tanzania June/July Great Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

Tanzania June/July Great Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

Explore the wonder of the great wildebeest migration from the best Tanzania has to offer...

 | Great Migration Safari in the Serengeti (9 days)

Great Migration Safari in the Serengeti (9 days)

Join HerdTracker on a Tanzania migration safari in the Serengeti National Park....

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