Wildlife in Tanzania

It is unusual to meet anyone who has been on safari to Tanzania and not explored the northern region. Dominated by the annual wildebeest (and zebra) migration, visitors are blown away by the prolific herds of plains game that also include large numbers of topi, eland and gazelles. Predators are abundant here too with lion and cheetah dominating the sightings, although leopard sightings are also reliable and wild dogs are making a strong comeback. The critically endangered East African black rhino of Ngorongoro and Mkomazi, giant elephant tuskers of Tarangire and abundant flamingos seasonally visiting Lake Manyara round off a wildlife smorgasbord second to none.

The Black rhino is critically endangered

Although it has suffered badly at the hands of poachers in recent years, the southern region of Tanzania is still renowned for its large numbers of elephants and huge herds of buffalo. These mega-herbivores, along with the full suite of plains game, support healthy predator populations with Selous being famous for its wild dogs and Ruaha for its carnivores like lions. In the west of this region, abutting Lake Tanganyika, are the primate strongholds of Mahale Mountains and Gombe Stream national parks with habituated chimpanzees being the prime wildlife attraction here.

The habituated chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains are a special sight to behold

With the exception of endemic Zanzibar red colobus monkey, Aders’ duiker, Sykes blue monkey and the diminutive suni antelope, the islands off the east coast of Tanzania are all about marine wildlife. Dynamite fishing has done some damage here, but dolphins are still frequently seen on diving and snorkelling trips off the coast of Zanzibar and Mnemba, while harmless whale sharks frequent the warm waters around Mafia Island.

Pemba is a wonderful Tanzanian getaway


Popular Tanzania Safaris

These popular itineraries can be customised to match your budget and travel dates

Landscape | Machame Route Up Kilimanjaro (7 days)

Machame Route Up Kilimanjaro (7 days)

For the average climber, Machame is probably the most reliable route to the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro and the roof of Africa...

 | HerdTracker’s February Wildebeest Calving Season Safari in Tanzania (9 days)

HerdTracker's February Wildebeest Calving Season Safari in Tanzania (9 days)

Travelling to Tanzania during the calving season is a sight to behold and something unique to the region...

Asilia Africa | Spectacular July to September Wildebeest River Crossings  (10 days)

Spectacular July to September Wildebeest River Crossings (10 days)

Experience one of Africa's greatest spectacles – smell the dust and hear the noise of thousands of animals crossing the Mara River...

 | World Cup of Wildlife Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

World Cup of Wildlife Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

This is the stage on which the greatest wildlife show on earth and plays out, as it is by far the greatest mass movement of land mammals on the entire globe....

 | Wildebeest Migration Safari in Tanzania (11 days)

Wildebeest Migration Safari in Tanzania (11 days)

This tour is designed to allow maximum exposure to the Great Wildebeest Migration...

 | Group Safari into Northern Tanzania (7 days)

Group Safari into Northern Tanzania (7 days)

Travel is so much better with friends. Experience the best parts of Tanzania through breath-taking landscapes, nature and wildlife at its best...

 | Tanzania June/July Great Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

Tanzania June/July Great Migration Safari with HerdTracker (9 days)

Explore the wonder of the great wildebeest migration from the best Tanzania has to offer...

 | The Serengeti on Foot (9 days)

The Serengeti on Foot (9 days)

There's no better way to get close to nature and feel alive than on foot, and no better place to walk than the remarkable Serengeti...

 | June to July Great Migration Safari in Tanzania with HerdTracker (9 days)

June to July Great Migration Safari in Tanzania with HerdTracker (9 days)

HerdTracker invites you to join them on a migration safari in Tanzania's Arusha, Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park....

 | February Calving Season Safari in Tanzania (9 days)

February Calving Season Safari in Tanzania (9 days)

Visit Tanzania during the calving season to see wildebeest calves join the massive herds making their way through the Serengeti for the great migration....

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