Wildlife in Tanzania

It is unusual to meet anyone who has been on safari to Tanzania and not explored the northern region. Dominated by the annual wildebeest (and zebra) migration, visitors are blown away by the prolific herds of plains game that also include large numbers of topi, eland and gazelles. Predators are abundant here too with lion and cheetah dominating the sightings, although leopard sightings are also reliable and wild dogs are making a strong comeback. The critically endangered East African black rhino of Ngorongoro and Mkomazi, giant elephant tuskers of Tarangire and abundant flamingos seasonally visiting Lake Manyara round off a wildlife smorgasbord second to none.

The Black rhino is critically endangered

Although it has suffered badly at the hands of poachers in recent years, the southern region of Tanzania is still renowned for its large numbers of elephants and huge herds of buffalo. These mega-herbivores, along with the full suite of plains game, support healthy predator populations with Selous being famous for its wild dogs and Ruaha for its carnivores like lions. In the west of this region, abutting Lake Tanganyika, are the primate strongholds of Mahale Mountains and Gombe Stream national parks with habituated chimpanzees being the prime wildlife attraction here.

The habituated chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains are a special sight to behold

With the exception of endemic Zanzibar red colobus monkey, Aders’ duiker, Sykes blue monkey and the diminutive suni antelope, the islands off the east coast of Tanzania are all about marine wildlife. Dynamite fishing has done some damage here, but dolphins are still frequently seen on diving and snorkelling trips off the coast of Zanzibar and Mnemba, while harmless whale sharks frequent the warm waters around Mafia Island.

Pemba is a wonderful Tanzanian getaway


You might also like

Big Five safaris in Tanzania

Seeing the Big Five up close and personal is a once-in-a-lifetime experience, regardless of how many instances you will get to experience it. Luxury safaris in Tanzania are an experience to savour and a number of camps will make for an unforgettable experience. In this case here are nine unforgettable camps to see the Big Five in Tanzania. One of the best camps in Tanzania found in central Serengeti is Dunia Camp. What makes it stand out is its remoteness, which is enticing for the Big…

Culture in Tanzania

With almost half the country’s population being Muslim, it is important to respect their more conservative Islamic cultural norms by dressing less provocatively and covering up when exploring their ethnic strongholds, such as Zanzibar, the other Spice Islands, and along the east coast of Tanzania. The holy month of Ramadan, the religious importance of Fridays, and the need to pray five times per day are all import cultural factors of the Islamic faith that tourists to Tanzania should…

Birding safari in Tanzania

The wild expanses of Tanzania offers the ultimate paradise for birding enthusiasts. While there’s plenty of birdwatching opportunities in Tanzania, you will get a wonderful experience being guided by professionals. The huge list of bird species to be found here make bird watching safaris in Tanzania the most sought after activity among bird lovers. Tanzania is a well-known safari destination for its highest concentrations of game parks and nature reserves. The most visited national…


Popular Tanzania Safaris

These popular itineraries can be customised to match your budget and travel dates

Game viewing | The migration (Calving season) Late January to end March (EA 11 days)

The Migration - calving season January to March

This four-in-one calving season safari includes not only the Serengeti, but Tarangire, Lake Manyara and Ngorogoro Crater...

Close up view of Wildebeest | Medium Budget, Maximum Game Viewing in Tanzania’s North (EA 11 days)

Tanzania - medium budget, maximum game viewing

Visit Tarangire, Lake Manyara, Ngorogoro Crater and Serengeti for a four-in-one safari you'll remember forever...

Pel's Fishing Owl in flight | The Selous Game Reserve and Pel’s fishing owl (EA 6 days)

The Selous Game Reserve and Pel’s fishing owl

Explore the Selous Game Reserve and Stiegler's Gorge by 4x4, boat or walking safari, looking for Pel's fishing owl, wild dog, rhino and elephant...

 | HerdTracker July/October Great Wildebeest Migration safari

HerdTracker July/October Great Wildebeest Migration safari

The movement takes place in Tanzania, which covers Serengeti National Park, Ngorongoro Crater, Arusha and Tarangire National Park...

 | Tanzania June/July Great Migration safari with HerdTracker

Tanzania June/July Great Migration safari with HerdTracker

Explore the wonder of the great wildebeest migration from the best Tanzania has to offer...

 | February Calving Season Safari in Tanzania

February Calving Season Safari in Tanzania

Visit Tanzania during the calving season to see wildebeest calves join the massive herds making their way through the Serengeti for the great migration....

 | Migration Safari in Kenya and Tanzania

Migration Safari in Kenya and Tanzania

See the beauty of nature's greatest wildlife spectacle on one of the grandest stages of them all...

 | 10-day HerdTracker August great migration safari

10-day HerdTracker August great migration safari

Experience the drama of the nature's greatest spectacle in the Tanzania...

The wildebeest migration in the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. | HerdTracker Serengeti wildebeest migration safari

HerdTracker Serengeti wildebeest migration safari

Experience the wildebeest migration in Tanzania's Serengeti National Park with HerdTracker...

 | Tanzania honeymoon safari

Tanzania honeymoon safari

Enjoy the wildlife of Tanzania as well as the paradise of Zanzibar...