Wildlife in Tanzania

It is unusual to meet anyone who has been on safari to Tanzania and not explored the northern region. Dominated by the annual wildebeest (and zebra) migration, visitors are blown away by the prolific herds of plains game that also include large numbers of topi, eland and gazelles. Predators are abundant here too with lion and cheetah dominating the sightings, although leopard sightings are also reliable and wild dogs are making a strong comeback. The critically endangered East African black rhino of Ngorongoro and Mkomazi, giant elephant tuskers of Tarangire and abundant flamingos seasonally visiting Lake Manyara round off a wildlife smorgasbord second to none.

The Black rhino is critically endangered

Although it has suffered badly at the hands of poachers in recent years, the southern region of Tanzania is still renowned for its large numbers of elephants and huge herds of buffalo. These mega-herbivores, along with the full suite of plains game, support healthy predator populations with Selous being famous for its wild dogs and Ruaha for its carnivores like lions. In the west of this region, abutting Lake Tanganyika, are the primate strongholds of Mahale Mountains and Gombe Stream national parks with habituated chimpanzees being the prime wildlife attraction here.

The habituated chimpanzees in the Mahale Mountains are a special sight to behold

With the exception of endemic Zanzibar red colobus monkey, Aders’ duiker, Sykes blue monkey and the diminutive suni antelope, the islands off the east coast of Tanzania are all about marine wildlife. Dynamite fishing has done some damage here, but dolphins are still frequently seen on diving and snorkelling trips off the coast of Zanzibar and Mnemba, while harmless whale sharks frequent the warm waters around Mafia Island.

Pemba is a wonderful Tanzanian getaway


Our Recommended Itinerary

Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari

day 1

day 2 to 3

Northern Serengeti

day 4

Central Serengeti
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari


day 7 to 8

Lake Eyasi

day 9 to 10

day 11 to 12

Tarangire National Park

day 13

Departure

View Full Itinerary

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Zanzibar and the Indian Ocean islands

From the often-overlooked and largely undeveloped tropical paradise of Pemba Island in the north to the classy utopia of Mafia Island in the south, Tanzania’s tropical east coast islands offer welcome respite at the end of a rewarding safari. Nestled between Pemba and Mafia is Zanzibar with its eclectic mix of white-sand beaches, warm water, nightlife and a powerful cultural history. …

Tanzania in March

The Ngorongoro Highlands receive short and sharp rainfall in the late afternoon, leaving the mornings pleasant and generally dry for excellent game viewing. Early March tends to be dry, although in some years the rains have been known to return early, so it can be wet. That said, seeing the bush turn from a tawny brown to green is a mesmerising sight in its own right. Also, with this…

Solo travel in Tanzania

As long as you practice basic safety awareness and avoid lonely stretches of deserted beach, especially at night, Zanzibar and the other Indian Ocean islands of Pemba and Mafia are probably the most alluring prospect for solo travellers going it alone. Exploring the northern safari circuit is safe and with the large number of safari companies and tour operators focusing on this region…

Northern safari circuit in Tanzania

The northern safari circuit is bookended by Lake Victoria and Rubondo Island in the west and Mount Kilimanjaro in the east. To the north lies the Kenyan border with the Masai Mara and Amboseli reserves located just across the frontier. Tarangire National Park is regarded as the most southerly tourist attraction in this diverse and breathtaking safari region. Within a relatively compact…

Where to go in Tanzania

The lion’s share of safari visitors to Tanzania focus on the northern safari circuit. With its prime attractions located in close geographical proximity to one another, safari goers can explore the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Tarangire and Lake Manyara national parks, as well as have the opportunity to summit Africa’s highest mountain, in a single near-contiguous conservation…

Southern safari circuit in Tanzania

The southern safari circuit sprawls across southern Tanzania. From the gigantic Selous Game Reserve in the east to Mahale Mountains and Gombe Stream national parks on the shore of Lake Tanganyika in the west, this is wildest Africa and the domain of adventurers and explorers. Between Africa’s deepest lake and the Selous World Heritage Site lie the diminutive Mikumi and Udzungwa…

Popular Tanzania Safaris

These popular itineraries can be customised to match your budget and travel dates

 | Tanzania wildebeest migration safari

Tanzania wildebeest migration safari

This tour is designed to allow maximum exposure to the Great Wildebeest Migration...

 | The Serengeti on Foot (EA 9 days)

The Serengeti on foot

There's no better way to get close to nature and feel alive than on foot, and no better place to walk than the remarkable Serengeti...

The wildebeest migration in the Serengeti National Park, Tanzania. | HerdTracker Serengeti wildebeest migration safari

HerdTracker Serengeti wildebeest migration safari

Experience the wildebeest migration in Tanzania's Serengeti National Park with HerdTracker...

Game viewing | The migration (Calving season) Late January to end March (EA 11 days)

The Migration - calving season January to March

This four-in-one calving season safari includes not only the Serengeti, but Tarangire, Lake Manyara and Ngorogoro Crater...

 | Honeymoon safari in the Serengeti National Park

Honeymoon safari in the Serengeti National Park

Enjoy a romantic honeymoon at the Ngorongoro Crater where you can spot the Big Five and experience the wildlife-rich Serengeti National Park...

 | Migration Safari in Kenya and Tanzania

Migration Safari in Kenya and Tanzania

See the beauty of nature's greatest wildlife spectacle on one of the grandest stages of them all...

 | Tanzania July/October Great Migration safari with HerdTracker

Tanzania July/October Great Migration safari with HerdTracker

The wildebeest migration, is one of the “Seven New Wonder of the World” and also known as The World Cup of Wildlife. If there is a safari you should go on, this has to be it!...

 | Nature, Romance, Exclusivity and Luxury - A Complete African Honeymoon

Nature, Romance, Exclusivity and Luxury - A Complete African Honeymoon

This exclusive African honeymoon through East and Southern Africa is the perfect way to celebrate the start of your new journey together...

 | 10-day HerdTracker July great migration safari

10-day HerdTracker July great migration safari

Experience the drama of the nature's greatest spectacle in the Serengeti National Park...

 | HerdTracker June/July Great Migration Safari in Tanzania

HerdTracker June/July Great Migration Safari in Tanzania

HerdTracker invites you to join them on a migration safari in Tanzania's Arusha, Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park....

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