Languages spoken in Tanzania

With around 129 different ethnic groups, the Republic of Tanzania has evolved the greatest linguistic diversity in the whole of the African continent with four major African language bases, ranging from Bantu, Cushitic and the Nilotic languages to the less comprehensively spoken Khoisan. One of the founding directives of independent Tanzania was that no ethnic group should dominate, and this was made easier by the fact that none of the 129 tribes and sub-tribes exceeds much more than 10% of the country’s overall population. A governmental drive continues to reduce tribal differentiation by promoting Swahili.

Children in a local Tanzanian village

With such a diversity of people contained within the boundaries of Tanzania, having Swahili as a national language has brought about the country’s strong sense of national identity. It is interesting to note that in Tanzania all primary school education is taught in Swahili, but when school children graduate from primary school and enter secondary school, the medium of instruction switches overnight to English. This makes for an incredibly difficult adjustment and many children drop out of school or fail their national exams at this point.

Tanzanian women

As the national language, Swahili is the most widely spoken language with English being largely absent from rural Tanzania and only really found in the larger towns, cities and tourist areas.


Our Recommended Itinerary

Wildlife Wonders in Tanzania (13 days)

day 1

day 2 to 3

Northern Serengeti

day 4

Central Serengeti
  • Wildlife Wonders in Tanzania (13 days)
  • Wildlife Wonders in Tanzania (13 days)
  • Wildlife Wonders in Tanzania (13 days)
  • Wildlife Wonders in Tanzania (13 days)
  • Wildlife Wonders in Tanzania (13 days)
  • Wildlife Wonders in Tanzania (13 days)


day 7 to 8

Lake Eyasi

day 9 to 10

day 11 to 12

Tarangire National Park

day 13

Departure

View Full Itinerary

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Popular Tanzania Safaris

These popular itineraries can be customised to match your budget and travel dates

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This tour is designed to allow maximum exposure to the Great Wildebeest Migration...

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Experience the drama of the nature's greatest spectacle in the Serengeti National Park...

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Join HerdTracker on a Tanzania migration safari in the Serengeti National Park....

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Explore the Selous Game Reserve and Stiegler's Gorge by 4x4, boat or walking safari, looking for Pel's fishing owl, wild dog, rhino and elephant...

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HerdTracker invites you to join them on a migration safari in Tanzania's Arusha, Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park....

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