Languages spoken in Tanzania

With around 129 different ethnic groups, the Republic of Tanzania has evolved the greatest linguistic diversity in the whole of the African continent with four major African language bases, ranging from Bantu, Cushitic and the Nilotic languages to the less comprehensively spoken Khoisan. One of the founding directives of independent Tanzania was that no ethnic group should dominate, and this was made easier by the fact that none of the 129 tribes and sub-tribes exceeds much more than 10% of the country’s overall population. A governmental drive continues to reduce tribal differentiation by promoting Swahili.

Children in a local Tanzanian village

With such a diversity of people contained within the boundaries of Tanzania, having Swahili as a national language has brought about the country’s strong sense of national identity. It is interesting to note that in Tanzania all primary school education is taught in Swahili, but when school children graduate from primary school and enter secondary school, the medium of instruction switches overnight to English. This makes for an incredibly difficult adjustment and many children drop out of school or fail their national exams at this point.

Tanzanian women

As the national language, Swahili is the most widely spoken language with English being largely absent from rural Tanzania and only really found in the larger towns, cities and tourist areas.


Our Recommended Itinerary

Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari

day 1

day 2 to 3

Northern Serengeti

day 4

Central Serengeti
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari
  • Tanzania wildlife and cultural safari


day 7 to 8

Lake Eyasi

day 9 to 10

day 11 to 12

Tarangire National Park

day 13

Departure

View Full Itinerary

You might also like

Travel advice for Tanzania

The following practical information and travel advice is worth knowing as you look to plan your trip to Tanzania and embark on the safari of a lifetime: Tanzania’s unit of currency is the Tanzanian Shilling, which is necessary for purchasing souvenirs, drinks and food in local shops and restaurants, but all hotels, lodges and other tourist establishments readily accept US Dollars and…

A couple safari in Tanzania

Tanzania offers some amazing, memorable, romantic and unique experiences that you can enjoy as a couple. If you both relish a challenge, climbing Africa’s highest mountain could be one of your primary options. Imagine standing alongside one another on the Roof of Africa at 5,985 metres having completing the multi-day climb together: a shared memory of triumph over adversity that will…

Where to go in Tanzania

The lion’s share of safari visitors to Tanzania focus on the northern safari circuit. With its prime attractions located in close geographical proximity to one another, safari goers can explore the Serengeti, Ngorongoro Crater, Tarangire and Lake Manyara national parks, as well as have the opportunity to summit Africa’s highest mountain, in a single near-contiguous conservation…

Northern safari circuit in Tanzania

The northern safari circuit is bookended by Lake Victoria and Rubondo Island in the west and Mount Kilimanjaro in the east. To the north lies the Kenyan border with the Masai Mara and Amboseli reserves located just across the frontier. Tarangire National Park is regarded as the most southerly tourist attraction in this diverse and breathtaking safari region. Within a relatively compact…

Tanzania in October

The thunderclouds are building and late October usually sees the arrival of the first rains. The wildebeest are heading south again; Kilimanjaro climbing remains popular throughout October; and wildlife viewing is superb with little vegetation to obscure the high quality sightings. Tourist numbers are considerably lower over this shoulder season period, rendering the most popular tourist…

Dining in Tanzania

Tanzanian cuisine is both unique and incredibly varied with a strong Indian influence permeating many of the dishes. Along the coast and throughout the Zanzibar archipelago spicy foods are common with coconut being a leading ingredient. Regions of Tanzania’s mainland also have their own unique local foods. Some typical mainland Tanzanian foods include: wali (rice), ugali (maize porridge),…

Popular Tanzania Safaris

These popular itineraries can be customised to match your budget and travel dates

 | Tanzania migration safari with HerdTracker

Tanzania migration safari with HerdTracker

Join HerdTracker on a Tanzania migration safari in the Serengeti National Park....

 | HerdTracker June/July Great Migration Safari in Tanzania

HerdTracker June/July Great Migration Safari in Tanzania

HerdTracker invites you to join them on a migration safari in Tanzania's Arusha, Tarangire National Park, Ngorongoro Crater and the Serengeti National Park....

 | 9-day Great Wildebeest Migration safari with HerdTracker

9-day Great Wildebeest Migration safari with HerdTracker

This is the stage on which the greatest wildlife show on earth and plays out, as it is by far the greatest mass movement of land mammals on the entire globe....

 | Tanzania June/July Great Migration safari with HerdTracker

Tanzania June/July Great Migration safari with HerdTracker

Explore the wonder of the great wildebeest migration from the best Tanzania has to offer...

 | Nature, Romance, Exclusivity and Luxury - A Complete African Honeymoon

Nature, Romance, Exclusivity and Luxury - A Complete African Honeymoon

This exclusive African honeymoon through East and Southern Africa is the perfect way to celebrate the start of your new journey together...

 | 10-day HerdTracker July great migration safari

10-day HerdTracker July great migration safari

Experience the drama of the nature's greatest spectacle in the Serengeti National Park...

 | Tanzania couples safari

Tanzania couples safari

Enjoy the wildlife of Tanzania as well as the paradise of Zanzibar...

Stopping for drinks | Wet season Tanzania - best value migration safari (EA 8 days)

Wet season Tanzania - best value migration safari

From Lake Manyara to the Ngorogoro Crater and the Serengeti, this Tanzania safari offers real value and shows off the burgeoning green world of Tanzania's rainy season migration ...

 | The Serengeti on Foot (EA 9 days)

The Serengeti on foot

There's no better way to get close to nature and feel alive than on foot, and no better place to walk than the remarkable Serengeti...

Pel's Fishing Owl in flight | The Selous Game Reserve and Pel’s fishing owl (EA 6 days)

The Selous Game Reserve and Pel’s fishing owl

Explore the Selous Game Reserve and Stiegler's Gorge by 4x4, boat or walking safari, looking for Pel's fishing owl, wild dog, rhino and elephant...

Ready to start your adventure?

Your tailor-made African holiday starts here...

How can we get hold of you?

How many people will be travelling?

Details

Please tell us more about your travel plans?


Discover Africa Group needs the contact information you provide to us to contact you about our products and services. You may unsubscribe from these communications at anytime. For information on how to unsubscribe, as well as our privacy practices and commitment to protecting your privacy, check out our Privacy Policy.

Submitting your inquiry

Thank you, your enquiry has been received

Thank you, your enquiry has been received

Reference:

 +27 21 422 3498
   discover.africa
    info@discoverafrica.com
    8AM - 5PM GMT+2