Mount Kenya and Aberdares

Aberdares national park range Aberdares mountain range | Credit: 50 Treasures of Kenya

Very different in character to the rest of the country, the lushly vegetated and densely populated central highlands that stretch northward from Nairobi are capped by the hemisphere-straddling Mount Kenya and its permanent equatorial glaciers. Rising to 5,199m, Mount Kenya is the second-tallest in Africa, topped only by Kilimanjaro, and it is linked to the more westerly 3,999m Aberdare Range by an elevated grassy saddle.

Oddly, these two massifs represent extremes of geological antiquity. Where the contorted folds of the Aberdares rank among the most ancient in East Africa, dating to before the Age of Dinosaurs, Mount Kenya is an extinct volcano that erupted into existence several million years after our earliest bipedal ancestors first strode across the Rift Valley floor.

giant forest hog and piglet Giant forest hog can weight between 100 and 275 kgs

Mount Kenya and the Aberdares are both protected within a national park. They also share many ecological affinities, and collectively support most of the country’s surviving Afro-montane forest and Afro-alpine moorland, the latter an otherworldly landscape of open moorland studded with bizarre giant forms of heather, lobelia and groundsel. The two mountains host an outstandingly varied fauna, including all the Big Five alongside more localised forest specialists such as Sykes monkey, black‑and‑white colobus, Harvey’s red duiker, mountain antelope and giant forest hog.

Highlights

Mount Kenya The impressive and majestic Mount Kenya | Credit: Magical Kenya

Though not as popular as Kilimanjaro, the multi-day hike to Point Lenana - at 4,985m, the highest point on Mount Kenya accessible without specialist climbing equipment - leads through a similar spectrum of attitudinally-determined Afromontane vegetation zones. And while it may appeal less to peak-baggers, Mount Kenya has the advantages of being less crowded, less expensive, and less likely to be treated as a single-minded exercise in summiting.

The highest two points on Mount Kenya at 5,199m and 5,188m respectively, Batian and Nelion Peaks are highly alluring to experienced climbers with specialist equipment.

Rhino_Aberdare national park_kenya Rhino the the Aberdare National Park

Aberdare National Park is best known as the site of the tree hotels Treetops and The Ark, stilted timber monoliths which double as overnight hides overlooking forest-fringed water holes that attract a steady stream of wildlife, including elephant and black rhino. Historic Treetops gained overnight fame in 1952 when it hosted the young Princess Elizabeth on the very night that her father King George VI died, and she became the uncrowned Queen of the United Kingdom.

Sykes monkey_aberdares Sykes’s monkey

Conceptually similar to the tree hotels of the Aberdares, Serena Mountain Lodge, the only hotel set in Mount Kenya’s forest zone, provides an excellent introduction to highland fauna. It overlooks a waterhole that occasionally attracts all the Big Five, as well as forest specialists such as giant forest hog, bushpig, Sykes monkey, black-and-white colobus monkeys, silvery-cheeked hornbill and Hartlaub’s turaco.

Game drives in Aberdare National Park follow little-used network of rough 4x4-only roads from the forest zone into an Afro-montane moorland punctuate with lovely waterfalls. Wildlife includes black rhino, elephant, buffalo, giant forest hog and various monkeys. The Aberdares is one of the few places in Africa where melanistic (all black) leopards are regular. The forests support one of only two remaining wild populations of the mountain bongo Tragelaphus eurycerus isaaci - a beautifully marked and Critically Endangered large forest antelope that is now effectively endemic to Kenya having become extinct elsewhere in its range.

Lion in Laikipia Plateau Lion in the Laikipia Plateau | Credit: Larangai House

Kenya’s highest town, Nyahururu is perched at 2,360m on the edge of the Laikipia Plateau alongside the attractive Thomson’s Falls, which plummet 75m over a volcanic ledge into a forested gorge inhabited by black‑and‑white colobus monkeys and a varied selection of birds.

Zebra_Mount Kenya Wildlife Conservancy A variety of zebra can be found in the Mount Kenya Wildlife Conservancy

The private Mount Kenya Wildlife Conservancy is a wildlife orphanage that operates several important conservation projects, none more so than rehabilitation of a herd of captive-born mountain bongos for release into the forests of Mount Kenya, where it was last seen in the wild in 1994.

Founded in 1970 as a breeding centre for rhinos, Solio Game Ranch is a private conservancy situated on the grassy highland saddle that links Mount Kenya to the Aberdares. Starting with a combined introduced population of 39, it now hosts at least 50 black and 85 white rhino. In addition, more than 100 individuals born at Solio have been translocated to other locations in Kenya.

Travel tips

  • All the sites listed above can be reached in up to four hours from Nairobi along a good surfaced roads through Thika. Regular domestic charter flights connect Nairobi and the Masai Mara to Nanyuki Airport, from where it is a short drive to most sites of interest in the vicinity of Mount Kenya and the Aberdares.

  • Hikes on Mount Kenya are best arranged with specialist operators who know the mountain well and employs experienced guides and porters. The shortest option for a a round hike is three days, but it is advisable to spend at least three nights on the mountain before ascending Lenana to minimise the effects of altitude.

  • Any of the region’s three tree hotels - Treetops, The Ark or Serena Mountain Lodge - makes for a great overnight stop on road safaris between the Masai Mara or Rift Valley and Laikipia, Samburu-Buffalo Springs, Shaba or Meru.

  • In addition to these upmarket lodges, medium-large highland towns such as Nyeri, Nanyuki, Nyahururu, Meru and Embu all have a few adequate restaurants and hotels. They also offer the opportunity to draw money or do some last-minute grocery shopping before heading out on safari.


Our Recommended Itinerary

Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)

day 1

Nairobi your arrival
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)

day 2

Chyulu Hills, what a wonderful start
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)

day 3

Amboseli, go down to the swamps

day 4

Rift valley lakes, flamingo and Loldia comfort

day 5

Rhino, Rothchild's giraffe and more

day 6

Into the Mara itself

day 7

Explore the confluence of the rivers
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)

day 8

Olare Orok, more big cats and off-road driving
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)
  • Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)

day 9

Utilise the evening drives

day 10

Fly Home

View Full Itinerary

Popular Kenya Safaris

These popular itineraries can be customised to match your budget and travel dates

 | Kenya Naturalist Safari (7 days)

Kenya Naturalist Safari (7 days)

Search for the near-extinct hirola antelope in Tsavo East, find Africa's largest elephants and visit Chyulu Hills to see Kilimanjaro, Africa's highest peak...

Lion cubs | Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)

Southern Kenya Sojourn (10 days)

Amboseli, Lake Nakuru and the Masai Mara are southern Kenya's superstars, the best places for your safari...

 | Best of Africa Safari (16 days)

Best of Africa Safari (16 days)

Experience the best of Africa, from the Okavango Delta – one of Africa's Seven Natural Wonders – to the endangered mountain gorillas and East Africa's Great Migration...

 | Kenya Bush and Beach Family Safari Itinerary (12 days)

Kenya Bush and Beach Family Safari Itinerary (12 days)

It's easy to see why so many visitors flock to Kenya from around the world to experience a truly unique African adventure in one of the world’s most pristine safari destinations....

 | Gorilla trekking and the Great Migration Combined (11 days)

Gorilla trekking and the Great Migration Combined (11 days)

Unforgettable experience in the jungles of Rwanda to track the last Mountain gorillas on earth and view the awesome Great Migration river crossings...

 | Wilderness safari in Kenya, Zambia and Zimbabwe (10 days)

Wilderness safari in Kenya, Zambia and Zimbabwe (10 days)

Why not visit more than one exciting African destination? See the Great Migration, Victoria Falls and wildlife-rich Hwange National Park...

 | Masai Mara Safari Adventure (6 days)

Masai Mara Safari Adventure (6 days)

Explore the jewel in Kenya's crown; the wildlife-rich Masai Mara National Reserve...

The Uganda Hills | The Complete East Africa Experience (13 days)

The Complete East Africa Experience (13 days)

Enjoy East Africa's most celebrated highlights, from a snow-capped Mount Kilimanjaro, to sailing above the Serengeti in a hot-air balloon and meeting mountain gorillas...

Asilia Africa | Spectacular July to September Wildebeest River Crossings  (10 days)

Spectacular July to September Wildebeest River Crossings (10 days)

Experience one of Africa's greatest spectacles – smell the dust and hear the noise of thousands of animals crossing the Mara River in an epic struggle for survival...

 | Migration Safari in Kenya and Tanzania (8 days)

Migration Safari in Kenya and Tanzania (8 days)

See the beauty of nature's greatest wildlife spectacle in two countries...

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